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1 November 2022

કિવીની ખેતી કેવી રીતે કરવી? How to Cultivate Kiwi ? Benefits of eating kiwi fruit

Do you want to cultivate kiwi? 

Today we will tell farmer friends how to cultivate kiwi. Kiwi cultivation in India is a very important cultivation from commercial point of view. Due to the good price of kiwi fruit in the market, the farmers who cultivate it can earn a good profit.

Other Information Related to Kiwi Cultivation

Kiwi fruit is also known for its health benefits. Kiwi is an exotic fruit, its fruit is rich in vitamin C, vitamin E, fiber, potassium, copper, sodium and anti-oxidants. Due to its health benefits, kiwi is beneficial in many diseases along with strengthening the immune system.

People consider kiwi fruit to be effective in treating dengue. It is in high demand in the country and the world due to the qualities contained in its fruit. Due to its increasing demand, its horticulture practice is also growing rapidly in India. Farmer brothers, today through this post from Tractor Junction we know about Kiwi Cultivation/Kiwi Gardening.

Benefits of eating kiwi fruit

There are many benefits of eating kiwi fruit, even doctors advise to eat this fruit. Due to this, there is always a demand for this fruit in big cities. Although the price of kiwi fruit is high, it is sold a lot in the market.

  • Kiwi is rich in vitamin C, vitamin E, fiber, potassium, copper, sodium and anti-oxidants.
  • Kiwi fruit contains 5 times more vitamin C than oranges.
  • Vitamin C present in kiwi strengthens our immune system, which helps our body fight against many diseases.
  • Demand for this fruit increases in dengue fever.
  • Consuming kiwi fruit also enhances your beauty. Its consumption increases the glow of the skin and gets rid of acne.
  • Consuming kiwi fruit also keeps your hair healthy, reduces hair fall and increases shine.

Major Kiwi Cultivating States in India

Kiwi is mainly a fruit of China, so it is also called Chinese gooseberry. Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Nagaland, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya are the major kiwi growing states in India. Kiwi is also grown on a large scale overseas in New Zealand, Italy, America, China, Japan, Australia, France, Chile and Spain.

How to prepare for Kiwi cultivation?

  • In preparation of the field, the field should be leveled by plowing well two or three times.
  • Prepare pits 3 feet deep and 2 feet wide in it and prepare pits in a row in the field.
  • A distance of about 4 meters i.e. about 10-12 feet is kept between each row.
  • Pits are filled by mixing in the soil using appropriate amount of organic fertilizers.
  • With light irrigation, our farm is now ready.

Best Tractors Used for Kiwi Farming/Horticulture

These four tractors are considered to be the best tractors used in kiwi horticulture in India. These tractors are very popular with farmers – these tractors are as follows-

Mahindra Jio 305 DI 4WD

Mahindra Yuvraj 215 NXT

Massey Ferguson 6028 4WD

Captain 280 4WD

Improved varieties of kiwi

Among the improved varieties of kiwifruit mainly Hayward, Allison, Tumuri, Abbott, Monty, Bruno species are grown, but Hayward variety is the most demanded kiwifruit in India.

Things to keep in mind while cultivating kiwi

There are a few things to keep in mind while cultivating kiwi. Today, through this article, we will discuss in detail the main things to keep in mind while cultivating kiwi.

Kiwi Cultivation: Climate and Soil

January is the best month for kiwi cultivation. Such areas are suitable for cultivation of kiwifruit, whose altitude is between 1000 to 2000 meters above sea level. Cool weather is beneficial in kiwi cultivation and hot and strong winds are harmful for kiwi cultivation. The temperature during planting should be up to 15 °C. While the temperature should not exceed 30 degrees in summer season. Kiwi plants need a temperature between 5 and 7 degrees during fruiting.

Deep loamy and mildly acidic soils are suitable for kiwi cultivation. Before planting, be sure to check the pH value of the soil. For Kiwi cultivation, the pH value of the soil should be 5 to 6. For planting kiwi tree cuttings, it is advised to mix sand, rotted compost, soil, sawdust and charcoal powder in the ratio of 2:2:1:1.

Cultivation of kiwi: how to prepare seedlings?

Seedlings can be prepared in three ways in kiwi cultivation.

  1. Budding method:
  2. grafting
  3. Leveling method

1. Budding Method: This method is most suitable for preparing kiwi seedlings. In this method, remove the seeds from the kiwi fruit, clean it and dry it well. Sow the seeds after a week of drying. When preparing the nursery, keep in mind that it should not be exposed to direct sunlight for a week after sowing, so keep it indoors. After this, mulch the beds and shade the plants until July. Transplant when the plant has 4 to 5 leaves, it can be planted in the nursery in May or June.

2. Grafting: One year old branches should be cut by grafting or cutting method to make Kiwi seedlings. It should have 2 to 3 buds. The length of these branches should be between 15 to 20 cm. Now apply 1000 ppm of root growth hormone called IB and bury it in the soil. Remember that the pen should not be moved after burial and should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Kiwi seedlings should be prepared by cutting method in January. Plants prepared by cutting method are ready for planting after one year.

3. Layering method: Select a one-year-old branch of a kiwi plant and remove an inch of its bark from all sides. After this, pack the soil around it well. There should be no air in it. After this, within about a month, the veins will begin to emerge from them. After this, this branch should be cut from the main plant and planted in another place. When removing it from the main plant, keep in mind that the branch should not be cut, and cut just below where the soil was built up.

Kiwi Cultivation: Planting and Irrigation

Planting: In Kiwi cultivation, if you want to get high quality fruit and sell it at a high price in the market, then you should plant high quality and good variety of plants prepared in the nursery. Plant kiwi plants in a row. Line to line distance should be 3 meters and line to plant distance should be 6 meters. Dig pits for planting and leave these pits open for a few days, so that the insects in the soil die. Fill the pits with cow dung or trichoderma mixed compost to a height of about 20 to 25 cm. Now plant the plant and fill the holes by adding soil around it. Keep in mind that these plants should be planted in early spring.

Watering: Water the kiwi plant immediately after planting. Irrigation at intervals of 3 to 4 days during summer season, if not watered during summer may affect its fruit quality. You can irrigate your field well through sprinkler or drip irrigation.

Kiwi Cultivation: Timing and Harvesting of Kiwi Fruits (Kiwi Cultivation)

Kiwi trees do not bear fruit for the first 2-3 years, kiwi trees start bearing fruit after 5 years. After 10 years, kiwi trees start bearing fruit in good numbers. One tree gives an average of 40-60 kg of kiwi fruit. You can harvest the fruit after it ripens from October to November. You can pluck them and keep them safe for up to 4 months, but keep in mind that kiwi fruits should only be stored in a cool place.

Kiwi Farming: Diseases and Prevention in Kiwi

Talking about diseases and prevention in Kiwi plants, Kiwi does not suffer from any particular diseases, but waterlogging increases the chances of root rot. To avoid waterlogging in kiwi cultivation, arrange proper drainage in the field. In kiwifruit, collar rot, crown rot diseases also affect its plant growth. To prevent these diseases, it is necessary to spray Kiwi plants with a fungicide before budding.

Kiwi Farming: Kiwi Fruit Price and Earnings from Kiwi Farming (Kiwi Farming).

A farmer can earn good income by cultivating kiwi. Due to the durability of kiwi fruit, it can be stored in a cool place for about 4 months after harvest. Hence there is no loss in shipping it from one state to another. Talking about earning from Kiwi farming, farmers can earn millions by selling Kiwi fruit. Kiwis are sold in the market on a per piece basis instead of per kg. Kiwi fruit is easily sold for 50 to 60 rupees. If you cultivate kiwi in one hectare, you can easily earn between 10 to 15 lakh rupees per year.

Kiwi Farming Earnings and Kiwi Fruit Cost?

There is a huge gap between supply and demand due to low productivity and low yield of kiwi fruit in the country. At present, the farmer brothers of the country are getting good income from kiwi cultivation. The market price of Kiwi fruit is Rs. 150 to Rs. 400 per kg.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's) for Kiwi Cultivation

What are the benefits of eating kiwi fruit?

  • Kiwi fruit is rich in vitamin C, vitamin E, fiber, potassium, copper, sodium and anti-oxidants. Due to its health benefits, kiwi is beneficial in many diseases along with strengthening the immune system.

How many days does a kiwi plant bear fruit?

  • In kiwifruit cultivation, fruiting and flowering begin 5-6 years after planting.

How much is kiwi fruit per kg?

  • Generally the market price of kiwi fruit is Rs. 150 to Rs. 400 per kg – skyrocketing prices for kiwi and papaya.

Where does kiwi fruit grow?

  • Apart from the climate of Himachal, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, it is also produced in the mountainous regions of the country, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala.

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